AEC conducted a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) for DreamFinder Homes on a 67-acre abandoned citrus grove located near the intersection of Nolte Road and Hickory Tree Road, Saint Cloud, Osceola County, Florida. The purpose of the Phase I ESA is to conduct a level of due diligence that constitutes “all appropriate inquiry” into the previous ownership and uses of the Property consistent with good commercial or customary practices as defined by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA).
In defining a standard of good commercial and customary practice for conducting an environmental site assessment, the goal of the processes established by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E 1527-13 is to identify recognized environmental conditions (RECs). No known or suspect RECs were discovered during the course of this ESA except for the following:
- Photographs provided by the Property owner documented staining on a concrete pad underlying several used oil drums and above ground fuel tanks in the southern portion of the Property. The staining appeared to runoff onto pervious soil. Since the current owner completed no assessment or remediation of the apparent petroleum product discharge, this was considered a suspect REC for the Property.
- Since the Property was utilized as a citrus grove for 40+ years, a de minimis condition was also identified. Pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides are commonly used in the citrus industry and could have resulted in adverse environmental impacts to the Property since most agrochemicals used 40+ years ago contained heavy metals and chlorinated compounds. While proper application of agrochemicals at an agricultural site is not considered a REC nor would it trigger any regulatory intervention, any future land use change should consider the potential for residual environmental impacts to soil and/or groundwater.
- Since AEC understood the Client’s planned development of the Property would result in a land use change from agricultural to residential, assessment of potential agrochemical impacts was warranted.
In order to assess potential environmental impacts to the Property from the used oil drums, fuel tanks, and historical agricultural operations, AEC conducted a limited Phase II soil and groundwater assessment at the Property on July 29, 2014. Laboratory analysis of groundwater from two (2) temporary monitoring wells and two (2) soil samples identified no contaminants of concern exceeding current State Residential cleanup target levels.
Based on the results of the Phase II ESA at the Property, AEC concluded that there appears to be no impacts to the property from the historical presence of the petroleum products or from the historical application of agrochemicals.